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      Tuesday, October 10. - At three o'clock, P. M., the Association was opened with a suitable discourse, from Mark xvi:15, "And he said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every creature," by our brother, Rev. William Rogers.

     2. After sermon, Brother John Gano was chosen moderator, and Brother William Rogers, clerk. Letters from thirty-two churches were read.

     3. The Rev. Messrs. James Manning, Morgan Edwards, and Peter Peterson Vanhorne being present, their company and assistance were desired.

     4. Wednesday, October 11. - A letter from Warren Association was read, which informed us, that during the last year, many were added to their several churches by baptism, but the number is not specified hope to receive their minutes if printed. Their messenger to us, was the Rev. William Williams.

     5. A letter from Quekuky Association, in North Carolina, was read; it appears that it was their last year's letter, but did not come to hand until several weeks after our Association was held. When they wrote they were in a very comfortable state; their increase two hundred and seventy; two churches constituted, and two ministers were ordained; the number of members then appertaining to their thirteen churches was fourteen hundred and fifty-eight.

     6. A letter and minutes from Charleston Association, in South Carolina, were read: we are pleased to hear of their happy interview together. Brother Elhanan Winchester, their messenger to us, not present. Our other sister Associations did not write to us should be glad to hear from them all at our next annual meeting.

     7. In consequence of two letters received from the church at Coram; the first lamenting their loss of a worthy pastor, Rev. Noah Hammond, requested our assistance and prayers: the second was expressive of their great satisfaction in Brother Ebenezer Ward's visits, and edification under his ministry, which concludes by desiring this Association to ordain him as an itinerant.

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     Agreed, That this Association claim no such right, and, therefore, resolved to encourage Mr. Ward to assist said church in all that he consistently can, until either the church, whereof he is a member, chooses to have him ordained, or he first becoming a member at Coram, and they should continue in the samemind, which, if they do, and write for assistance, we make no doubt our brethren will duly attend to it.

     8. Recommended to our churches to continue the four quarterly days of fasting and prayer, as the troubles of the nation increase, and too much deadness among Christians still prevalent. The days to be observed are the Thursday before the last Lord's days in November, February, May, and August.

9. The Rev. Samuel Stillman was desired to draw up a letter for the several Associations corresponding with this.

     10. The collections are as follow:

Philadelphia church, L 2 0 0
New York, 1 2 6
Pennepek, u1 0 0
Delivered to Mr.Westcott. L 4 2 6

Philadelphia church, L 8 14 6
Cohansie, 2 0 0
Rev. David Sutton, 0 1 0
Deliv'd to Mr. Stillman, L 10 15 6

Pennepek church, L 0 17 6
Delivered to Mr. Rogers.

Southampton church, L, 2 6 2
Cohansie, 2 0 0
Philadelphia, L 3 12 0
Morristown, 0 15 0
Newtown, 0 7 6
Mr. Joseph Chambloss, 0 4 0
Deliv'd to Mr. Jno. Sutton, L 9 4 8

     11. Voted, That L18, arising from Mrs. Hubb's donation, be equally divided between Messrs. Enoch Morgan and Burgess Allison, they giving the usual obligations to the trustees.

     12. The general letter to the churches, drawn up by the Rev. Abel Morgan, being read, was unanimously approved of, and the Rev. John Gano appointed to write one for next year.

     13. The Rev. Abel Morgan was requested to copy off into the Association book, all the letters from the Associations corresponding, or to correspond withthis; also the letters from this Association to them, together with the letters from this Association to particular persons.

     14. Supplies granted to the following destitute places: - Upper Freehold, Oyster Bay, Lyon's Farms, New Mills, Cow Marsh, Baltimore town, Talbort township, and Peakskiln.

     15. Requested, That the Rev. Messrs. John Gano and Samuel Jones be our messengers to Warren and Rhode Island Associations; to that of Ketockton, in Virginia, Rev. John Sutton; and to all the southern Associations, Rev. Messrs. Morgan Edwards and Peter Peterson Vanhorn.

     16. Voted, That the next Association be held at New York, to begin on Tuesday after the second Lord's day in October, at three

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o'clock, P. M., and that Rev. Samuel Stillman preach the introductory sermon; or, in case of failure, Rev. William Vanhorne.

By Rev. Abel Morgan.

      The Association of elders and brethren of the several Baptist churches in Pennsylvania, and the colonies adjacent, held at Philadelphia, October 10th, 11th, and 12th, 1775.

      To the several churches we are in connection with, send our Christian salutation.       Beloved Brethren, - In the, primitive times, when people were converted by the ministry of the gospel, and united together in church relation and fellowship, it was the practice of the Apostles to establish them in the truths which they had believed and professed, Acts xv:41, for their edification and comfort, Acts ix:31. We now, according to our measure, would endeavor to follow this worthy pattern, for the like excellent design. The subject, which next in order comes to be considered, is the doctrine of God's decree. Confession of faith, chap. III. Whereon we observe,

     1. That God, the supreme, who is self-existent, and every way an independent sovereign, the creator of all things, hath an absolute right to dispose of all his creatures; and before his works of old, to appoint and determine all things to a certain end. This article of our belief, both scripture and reason do jointly and sufficiently confirm, Isaiah xl:10; Psalm xxxiii:11; Proverbs xix:21

     2. The rule of his fore appointinent, of what shall come to pass in time, is the wise counsel of his most holy will and pleasure. Ephesians i:11.

     3. In accomplishing his purpose, no violence is offered to the will of the creature, good, <19B003>Psalm cx:3; or bad, James i:13, 14; nor the use ofmeans taken away, Ezekiel xxxvi:37; neither is God, in anywise, the author of sin, though he decreed to permit it to be, Acts xiv:16; Genesis xlv:5; Acts ii:23.

     4. The special objects of God's decree are angels and men.

     5. When all the human race, by the sin of the first man, were involved in guilt, Romans v:12, and fallen under condemnation, and all become the children of wrath; it would manifestly be doing them no injustice, if they were, to every individual, left in that state, and eternally punished for their sins: this would have been their proper desert, their just reward. But God, out of his mere free grace and love, without any moving cause in the parties chosen, hath predestinated some unto life, through a Mediator, Ephesians i:4; Romans xi:5, 6, (without any wrong done to others) together with all the means subservient to this end, viz., their redemption by the blood of Christ, and renovation by the Spirit of holiness, to the praise of his glorious grace; the other left to act in sin, to their final destruction, to the glory of divine justice, Romans ix:22, 23.

      The bounds of a letter will not permit us to enter on the discussion of the several objections, and remove out of the way the many cavils, which are raised by men of different principles, in opposition

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to this scripture doctrine; that has been repeatedly well done heretofore by others; but only add a word, with a view to relieve and support those distressed souls, whoever and wherever they be, whilst they acknowledge this awful truth, but at the same time are greatly exercised about it; frequently raising objections against themselves, fearing they are not of the elect of God: and, should this be the case, they infer, that all their endeavors must be in vain, their acts of worship unacceptable. The consolations and promises of the gospel are proposed to them to little purpose. Their souls refuse to be comforted; their hope flags, their expectation fails; they are greatly disheartened yea, the very duties of religion become to them difficult, and oftentimes burthensome; briefly, they are ready to halt, and to sink down in the gulf of despair, believing the decree of God to be immutable. So that this solemn truth, instead of administering joy to their souls, and exciting in them adoration and praise to God, becomes to them an occasion of terror, discouragement, and great depression of spirit. The topics, whence they generally derive these gloomy apprehensions are such as follow, viz., the gross darkness of mind under which they are shut up; no signs of election; extreme ignorance of God and of Christ; find no returns of prayer; so full of sin; manifold afflictions; cannot act faith; backslidings, unprofitableness, heart rising against God, and such like.

      To remove these difficulties: 1. Let the parties consider that there may be very great and just reasons for the ground of these complaints, without calling in question their election.

      2. Let them seriously observe the frame and temper of their soul under all or any of these defects, whether a sense of their case excites in them more humiliation and sorrow for sin, Psalm xxxviii:17, 18; and more vehement cries and ardent wishes for seasonable help, Psalm xxxviii:4, 5, 21, 22. If so, the evidence is in their favor.

      3. Let such know and learn, that the way for their relief is not by laboring to pry into the secret, purpose of God, or in their thoughts to dwell upon it, to their own discouragement, but abide by, and cleave to, his revealed will, which directs all indigent ones to Christ the Mediator for supply, and to the use of those means prescribed for the satisfaction and peace of laboring souls: "Make your calling sure." 2 Peter i:10. In so doing shall the fearful be able to look back, and know their election before time, and forward, and view their salvation to come, when time shall be no more. This glorious truth is not designed to deter troubled souls from coming to Jesus Christ.

      4. It directly tends to administer support to the laboring soul, when we find those very springs of complaints, doubts, and fears, from which they argue to their disadvantage, are no other than what the Scripture declares to have been the case with the very elect of God; for instance, these complain of darkness, so did they, "Why hidest thou thyself?" Psalm x:1. Job emphatically, Job xxiii:8, 9. See Isaiah l:10. Do these sorrowful ones lack tokens of their election? But hath not God in special mercy, hedged up their way, to keep them from sin, and made it bitter to their souls? Hosea ii:6, 7; Lamentations iii:19, 20. Do they not find thirstings after Christ? Psalm xlii:1-3. Do they

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not groan earnestly, and are burdened, because of their depravity, &c.? 2 Corinthians v:2. These are encouraging tokens, the very characters of the elect; who also in their day bewailed their ignorance of God. Proverbs xxx:2, 3. The exhortation "to grow in the knowledge of Christ," intimates their deficiency therein. How pathetically did they expostulate with God about his deferring to answer their prayers. "will the Lord cast off forever? Hath God forgotten to be gracious?" Psalm lxxvii:7-3. "O Lord, how long shall I cry, and thou wilt not hear?" Habakkuk i:2. How feelingly did they acknowledge themselves full of sin; "Mine iniquities are gone over my head." Psalm xxxviii:3-8. "wretched man that I am." Romans vii:18, 24. Do these fear because they cannot put forth acts of faith? Consider the case of the godly; "I am shut up, and I cannot come forth." Psalm lxxxviii:8. Christ would have men to know their own insufficiency, John xv:5; vi:44; who himself is the author and finisher of faith. Hence, Song of Solomon i:4, "draw me." Sore afflictions are the very portion of the dear chosen ones of God in theworld. Psalm lxxiii:10, 14; xxxiv:19; 1 Corinthians xi:32; Hebrews xii:6- 8. Let these languishing souls hear the gracious word of promise to backsliders, Hosea xiv:4. Christ teaches all the elect to esteem themselves unprofitable. Luke xvii:10. Do these perplexed ones faint, because they find in themselves heartrisings against God? This indeed is very alarming and dreadful in its consequences; but there is on record an instance of this sad case, in one that was undoubtedly a chosen vessel, an elect of God. Jonah iv:3, 4, 9, whose heart not only rose up against God, but also in his reply vindicated himself therein. "I do well to be angry." 'Tis probable this by far is an higher degree than any of these dejected ones are got to. Hence we observe, that not one distressed soul hath ground to argue against himself from any of the above-mentioned cases, or the like, that he is passed by, and, without hope, left to perish in his sins. None can conclude his preterition but from final impenitence, and the sin against the Holy Ghost. From the former he cannot, because he is yet in, life; nor from the latter, because final impenitence is an inseparable ingredient of that sin.

      5. Guard against every device of Satan, who aims to prevent people profiting by the gospel of Jesus Christ. 1 Peter v:8.

      6. Inasmuch as we are authorized to encourage the weak, the feeble, and fearful to be strong. Isaiah xxxv:3, 4, we therefore exhort and charge all those into whose hands this may come, who are, and have been, sorely afflicted on the aforesaid account, that they would press forward in the ways of godliness, seek the Lord Jesus unfeignedly, pray without ceasing, and faint not, Luke xviii:1, 7, endeavor for satisfactory experience of grace in their own souls; that hereafter they may rejoice in this, and every other truth of God.

      Lastly, we would earnestly caution all persons, on the other hand, who confidently conclude themselves to be of the elect of God, to beware at all times of living a dissolute, vain, irreligious life, or giving themselves liberty to continue in sin, because election is unalterable; pleading or thinking they shall be saved, let them live

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and act as they will (this truth hath been thus horribly abused.) Such corrupt principles, wicked practices, and black characters, are inconsistent with the pure doctrines of the gospel. Remember that holiness becometh the house and people of the Lord forever, and is indispensably enjoined on every one that nameth the name of Christ. 2 Timothy ii:19: 2 Thessalonians ii:13: 1 Peter i:14, 16. Now unto him that is able to keep you from falling, and to present you faultless before the presence of his glory, with exceeding joy, to the only wise God our Saviour, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever. Amen.
JOHN GANO, Moderator.



      NOTE - The ministers' names are in SMALL CAPITALS. Those marked thus * were not present. The churches marked thus + sent neither letters nor messengers, and their numbers remain as last year. A dash - denotes no settled minister. Increase this year, 59.


[A. D. Gillette, editor, Minutes of Philadelphia Association, 1775, 1851; reprint, 2001. Scanned and formatted by Jim Duvall.]

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