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Columbia Baptist Church, 1790
Cincinnati -- Northwest Territory

The First Church in Ohio

A Declaration of Faith and Practice of the
Church of Christ in Columbia Township Hamilton
County Territory N W of the River Ohio Red and
Assented to at the Constitution of Said Church
Having been enabled thro Divine grace to give up our
Selves to the Lord and to one another by the will of
God   We Count it a Duty incombent up on us to
Make A Declaration our faith and practice to the
Honour of Christ and the glory of his name knowi
ng as with the hart man believeth unto righteousness and
with the mouth confession is made unto Salvation which
Declaration is as follows namely    

1st We Believ that The Scriptures of the old and New Testament is the word of God and only rule of Faith and practice -

2nd We Believ that there is but one only living and true God that there are three persons in the godhead the Father the Son an Holy Ghost who are equal in essence Power and glory and that the Son and Holy ghost Are as truly and properly god as the Father

3rd We Believ before the world began god Did Elect A Certain number of soles unto everlasting Salvation Whom he did predistinate to the adoption of Children By Jesus Christ from his own free Grace and according To the good pleasure of his will and that in ______ Of this gracious design he did make a Covenant of grace And Peace with his Son Jesus Christ, on the behalf Of the Elect persons, A Saviour was appointed and all Spiritual Blessings provided for them, as also that Theis [These] persons, with all grace and glory, ___ aspect Into the hands of Christ and made his ___ and Charge

4th We Believ that God Created the first man Adam in his own Image, and in his likeness an Upright holy Creature capible of Serving and Gloryfying him, but he Sining all his posterity Sined in him, and Came Short of the glory of God Sin, being imputed, and a Currupt nature derived From him the first Adam, to all his offsprings by ordinary And natural generation, that they are by this first Birth canal and S____ averse to all good uncapable of doing any, and prone to evry Sin, and are By Nature Children of wrath and under Sentence of Condemnation And So are Subject not only to a Corporal Death are Involved in a Moral Commonly Called Speritual but are Liable to an Etarnal Death. Considered in the first Adam fallen and Sinners from all Which there is no Deliverance but by Christ the Second Adam -

5th We Believ tat the Lord Jesus Christ being S______ up from Everlasting as the Mediator of the Covenant and He having engaged to be the Surety of his people did In the fullness of time really assume human nature as Not before neither in whole or in part, his human s____ Being A Creature existed not from Eternity, but was Created and formed in his body by him that forms the Sperit of man within him, when that was Conceived In the womb of the Virgin So his human nature consisted Of a true Body and a reasonable Soul both while Together and at once the Son of god assumed into union ___ His Divine Person when made of it woman and not be In which nature he really suffered and Died as the Substitute of his People in their name and stead, whereby He made all that Satisfaction for their Sins which the Law and Justice of god could require as well as made Way for all them blessings which are needfull For them both for time and eternity -

6th We Believ that D____ redemtion which Christ has obtained Only By the Sheding of his blod is Special and Particular Vis - that it was only intended ti only Designed for the elect of god and Sheep of Christ Who only only Share the Special and peculiar blessings Of it --

7th We Believ that the Justification of God's elect Is only by the righteousness of Christ imputed to them With out the Consideration of any works of righteousness Done by them and that the full and free pardon of all their Sins And transgressions past present and to Come is only thro the Blood of Christ according to the riches of his grace -

8th We Believ that the works of redemtion conversion sanctification and faith are not acts of Mans free will and power But of the mighty efficatious and erisistable grace of god -

9th We Believe that all those who are Chosen by the Father Are Redeemed by the Son and Santifyed by the Sperit And Shall Certainly and finally persevear So that no one Of them Shall ever perish but shall have everlasting life -

l0th We Believe there will be a risirection of the dead both Of the Just and unjust and that Christ will Come a Second time to Judge both Quick and Dead when he will take vengence on the wicked and Introduce his people into his kingdom and glory whare They Shall be for ever with Him -

11th We Believ that Baptism and the Lords Supper are the ordinances of Christ to / be Continued till His Second Coming and that the form is a ____tely Prequisite to the latter that is to say that they only are To be admited into the Communion of the Church And to Perticipate of all the ordinances in it who upon Profession of their faith have been baptized by Immertion in the name of the Father and of the Son And of the holy ghost -

12th We Believ that Singing of Psalms hymns an Speritual Songs really is an ordinace of the gospel to be Perforrmed by believers but as to time and place and Manner every one ought to be left to their Liberty in using it -

Now all and each of these Doctrines and ordinances We look upon ourselves under the Gratest obligations To embrace maintain and Defend believing it to be Our Duty to Stand fast in one Sperit with one Mind Striving together for the faith of the gospell And being Sensible that our Conversation both In the world and in the church aught to be Such as becometh the gospel of Christ we Judge it our incumbent duty To walk in wisdom towards them that are without to Exercise a Consicence Void of offence towards god and man By living Soberly Righteously and godly in this present World and as to our Regard to each other in our Church Communion we esteem it our duty to walk with each Other in all humility and brother Lov to watch over Each others Conversation to stir up one another to lov and Good works not forsaking the elssembling of our Selves together as we have oppoertunity to worship god According to his reveiled will and when the case requires To warn rebuke and admonish one another according to The rules of the gospell, moreover we think ourselves Oblige to simpisize with each other in all conditions both inward and outward which god in his providence May bring us into also to bear with one anothers Infirmities and weaknesses and particularly to pray For one another and that the gospel and ordinances Thereof might be blessed to the edification and comfort Of each others Souls, and for the gethening an of _____ To Christ besides those who are all ready gethered

13th We Do promise to avoid all accasions and Causes of Divisions endevering to keep the unity of the Spent In the Bonds bf Peace and to maintain the preaching of the gospell where god in his provicence Shall Give us a preacher, god having ordained that those Who preach the gospell Shall liv of the Gospel

All which Duties we Desire to be found in performance Of thro the gracious assistance of the Holy Sperit While we both admire and adore the grace which has Given us a place and a name in Gods house better Than that of______ Daughter

Signed by the Church the 20th Day of June in the year Of our Lord 1790 -

     And after the Constitution of the Church the following Persons upon perfession of their faith in Christ were Baptized by Br. Stephen Ganno and received by us into full Membership Elizabeth _______ Rhoda _____ and Sary


     Elder Stephen Gano, M. D., was pastor at West Hillsdale Baptist Church (NY); this church had previously been called Hillsdale Baptist Church. He visited his father, John Gano, in Kentucky and also visited at Columbia in the Northwest Territory on his way back home for the purpose of this constitution. The Stites, who were leading members in this constitution, were relatives of the Ganos.

[The title has been added, otherwise the document was copied as it was handwritten. The inconsistent spelling and grammar are in the document. The blanks are indiscernible from the document. From a copy at the American Baptist Historical Society Library, Rochester, NY. Transcribed and formatted by Jim Duvall. The highway marker picture was provided by Rick Salee.]

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